Benign cystic lesions of the female external genitalia are frequently encountered in gynecologic and female urologic practices. True cystic lesions of the vagina and vulva originate from vaginal and vulvar tissues, respectively, but lesions arising from the urethra and surrounding tissues can appear as cystic lesions of the vagina and vulva as well. Most cysts of the female genitalia are located within the vagina, and their prevalence has been estimated to be 1 in women; however, this figure is probably an underestimation, because most cysts are asymptomatic and therefore not reported.
When you give birth, tears to the tissue around the vagina and perineum can occur. Such lacerations and how they have been sutured will be entered in your medical journal by your midwife or obstetrician. Tiny lacerations can occur around the labia or inside the vagina.
Obstetrics Simplified - Diaa M. Anatomical definition: It is a pelvis in which one or more of its diameters is reduced below the normal by one or more centimeters. Obstetric definition: It is a pelvis in which one or more of its diameters is reduced so that it interferes with the normal mechanism of labour.
Giving birth can be so many things: magical, overwhelming, and terrifying, to name a few. But the prospect of tearing below the belt during a vaginal birth is a particularly worrisome aspect for many pregnant people. Between 53 and 79 percent of vaginal deliveries result in some kind of tearing, according to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Your body does a pretty stellar job of preparing your vagina for the massive undertaking of childbirth.
Cervical laceration has been identified as a known cause of postpartum hemorrhage. A review of existing literature obtains little information on the incidence and risk factors for cervical laceration after vaginal delivery 1. In modern medicine, some risk factors have been identified for cervical laceration including gestational diabetes, shoulder dystocia, delivery with forceps, vacuum or both, history of cerclage, cervical conization, as well as dilation and evacuations 1.
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If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Postpartum hemorrhage caused by trauma to the birth canal is obvious in most cases. Important exceptions are unrecognized accumulations of blood within the uterus or vagina as well as uterine rupture with intraperitoneal bleeding.
This document reflects emerging clinical and scientific advances as of the date issued and is subject to change. The information should not be construed as dictating an exclusive course of treatment or procedure to be followed. ABSTRACT: This document focuses on the management of complications related to mesh used to correct stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse.
The labia are part of the female genitalia ; they are the major externally visible portions of the vulva. In humans, there are two pairs of labia: the labia majora or the outer labia are larger and fattier, while the labia minora are folds of skin between the outer labia. The labia surround and protect the clitoris and the openings of the vagina and the urethra.